Quick Links Menu.


USS Todd (AKA-71) circa 1945
Click on this photograph for links to larger images of this class.

Class:        TOLLAND (AKA-64)
Design:        MC C2-S-AJ3
Displacement (tons):        6,318 light, 14,160 lim.
Dimensions (feet):        459.2' oa, 435.0' pp x 63.0' e x 26.4' lim.
Original Armament:        1-5"/38 4-40mmT 16-20mm (1944-45: all)
Later armaments:        1-5"/38 4-40mmT 6<10-20mmT (1946-52: AKA-104-08); 1-5"/38 4-40mmT 18>6-20mm (1946-56: AKA-103, 107); 1-5”/38 4-40mmT (1957-59: AKA 103-08);
4-40mmT (1958-61: AKA 104-06, 108)
Complement:        --
Speed (kts.):        16.5
Propulsion (HP):        6,000
Machinery:        G.E. turbine, 1 screw

Construction:
AKA Name Acq. Builder Keel Launch Commiss.
64 TOLLAND 13 Aug 44 North Carolina SB 22 Apr 44 26 Jun 44 4 Sep 44
65 SHOSHONE 31 Aug 44 North Carolina SB 12 May 44 17 Jul 44 24 Sep 44
66 SOUTHAMPTON 16 Sep 44 North Carolina SB 26 May 44 28 Jul 44 8 Oct 44
67 STARR 29 Sep 44 North Carolina SB 13 Jun 44 18 Aug 44 21 Oct 40
68 STOKES 12 Oct 44 North Carolina SB 26 Jun 44 31 Aug 44 4 Nov 44
69 SUFFOLK 23 Oct 44 North Carolina SB 11 Jul 44 15 Sep 44 14 Nov 44
70 TATE 3 Nov 44 North Carolina SB 22 Jul 44 26 Sep 44 25 Nov 44
71 TODD 14 Nov 44 North Carolina SB 10 Aug 44 10 Oct 44 30 Nov 44
72 CASWELL 27 Nov 44 North Carolina SB 25 Aug 44 24 Oct 44 13 Dec 44
73 NEW HANOVER 6 Dec 44 North Carolina SB 31 Aug 44 31 Oct 44 22 Dec 44
74 LENOIR 14 Dec 44 North Carolina SB 7 Sep 44 6 Nov 44 31 Dec 44
75 ALAMANCE 22 Dec 44 North Carolina SB 15 Sep 44 11 Nov 44 9 Jan 45
76 TORRANCE 20 Jun 44 North Carolina SB 1 Apr 44 6 Jun 44 18 Nov 44
77 TOWNER 27 Jun 44 North Carolina SB 8 Apr 44 13 Jun 44 1 Dec 44
78 TREGO 4 Jul 44 North Carolina SB 14 Apr 44 20 Jun 44 21 Dec 44
79 TROUSDALE 24 Jul 44 North Carolina SB 28 Apr 44 3 Jul 44 21 Dec 44
80 TYRRELL 30 Jul 44 North Carolina SB 6 May 44 10 Jul 44 4 Dec 44
81 VALENCIA 14 Aug 44 North Carolina SB 20 May 44 22 Jul 44 9 Jan 45
82 VENANGO 25 Aug 44 North Carolina SB 6 Jun 44 9 Aug 44 2 Jan 45
83 VINTON 7 Sep 44 North Carolina SB 20 Jun 44 25 Aug 44 23 Feb 45
84 WAUKESHA 20 Sep 44 North Carolina SB 3 Jul 44 6 Sep 44 23 Feb 45
85 WHEATLAND 6 Oct 44 North Carolina SB 17 Jul 44 21 Sep 44 3 Apr 45
86 WOODFORD 19 Oct 44 North Carolina SB 29 Jul 44 5 Oct 44 3 Mar 45
87 DUPLIN 30 Oct 44 North Carolina SB 18 Aug 44 17 Oct 44 15 May 45
101 OTTAWA 9 Jan 45 North Carolina SB 5 Oct 44 29 Nov 44 8 Feb 45
102 PRENTISS 12 Jan 45 North Carolina SB 10 Oct 44 6 Dec 44 11 Feb 45
103 RANKIN 25 Jan 45 North Carolina SB 31 Oct 44 22 Dec 44 24 Feb 45
104 SEMINOLE 6 Feb 45 North Carolina SB 7 Nov 44 28 Dec 44 8 Mar 45
105 SKAGIT 28 Nov 44 North Carolina SB 21 Sep 44 18 Nov 44 2 May 45
106 UNION 4 Dec 44 North Carolina SB 27 Sep 44 23 Nov 44 25 Apr 45
107 VERMILION 23 Dec 44 North Carolina SB 17 Oct 44 12 Dec 44 23 Jun 45
108 WASHBURN 30 Dec 44 North Carolina SB 24 Oct 44 18 Dec 44 17 May 45

Disposition:
AKA Name Decomm. Strike Disposal Fate MA Sale
64 TOLLAND 1 Jul 46 19 Jul 46 2 Jul 46 MC/D 3 Oct 47
65 SHOSHONE 28 Jun 46 19 Jul 46 30 Jun 46 MC/D 6 Nov 47
66 SOUTHAMPTON 21 Jun 46 3 Jul 46 22 Jun 46 MC/D 15 Aug 47
67 STARR 31 May 46 19 Jun 46 1 Jun 46 MC/D 3 Dec 47
68 STOKES 9 Jul 46 19 Jul 46 9 Jul 46 MC/D 9 May 47
69 SUFFOLK 27 Jun 46 19 Jul 46 28 Jun 46 MC/D 25 Aug 47
70 TATE 10 Jul 46 19 Jul 46 13 Jul 46 MC/D 12 Nov 47
71 TODD 25 Jun 46 19 Jul 46 26 Jun 46 MC/D 26 Sep 47
72 CASWELL 19 Jun 46 3 Jul 46 21 Jun 46 MC/D 23 Jun 47
73 NEW HANOVER 30 Jul 46 15 Aug 46 31 Jul 46 MC/D 13 Jun 47
74 LENOIR 13 Jun 46 3 Jul 46 14 Jun 46 MC/D 1 Oct 47
75 ALAMANCE 25 Jun 46 19 Jul 46 26 Jun 46 MC/D 6 Aug 47
76 TORRANCE 20 Jun 46 3 Jul 46 22 Jun 46 MC/D 15 Sep 47
77 TOWNER 10 Jun 46 19 Jun 46 13 Jun 46 MC/D 19 Sep 47
78 TREGO 21 May 46 5 Jun 46 22 May 46 MC/D 9 Jul 47
79 TROUSDALE 29 Apr 46 8 May 46 30 Apr 46 MC/D 25 Feb 47
80 TYRRELL 19 Apr 46 1 May 46 22 Apr 46 MC/D 26 May 47
81 VALENCIA 8 May 46 21 May 46 13 May 46 MC/D 19 Dec 47
82 VENANGO 18 Apr 46 1 May 46 22 Apr 46 MC/D 11 Feb 47
83 VINTON 16 May 46 5 Jun 46 17 May 46 MC/D 20 Nov 47
84 WAUKESHA 10 Jul 46 31 Jul 46 10 Jul 46 MC/D 23 Oct 47
85 WHEATLAND 25 Apr 46 8 May 46 26 Apr 46 MC/D 3 Apr 47
86 WOODFORD 1 May 46 8 May 46 10 May 46 MC/D 12 Dec 47
87 DUPLIN 21 May 46 5 Jun 46 23 May 46 MC/D 23 Jun 47
101 OTTAWA 10 Jan 47 14 Mar 47 28 Jan 47 MC/D 3 Oct 47
102 PRENTISS 31 May 46 19 Jun 46 1 Jun 46 MC/D 15 Oct 47
103 RANKIN 11 May 71 1 Jan 77 1 Jul 73 MA/T --
104 SEMINOLE 23 Dec 70 1 Sep 76 16 Nov 77 MA/S 16 Nov 77
105 SKAGIT 1 Jul 69 1 Jul 69 15 Mar 74 MA/S 15 Mar 74
106 UNION 5 Jun 70 1 Sep 76 1 Sep 71 MA/T 22 Sep 77
107 VERMILION 13 Apr 71 1 Jan 77 1 Jul 73 MA/T --
108 WASHBURN 16 May 70 1 Sep 76 1 Sep 71 MA/T 15 Nov 79

Class Notes:
FY 1944. On 9 Nov 43 JCS requested that the MC construct 130 standard APAs and 30 standard AKAs for the Navy for completion as early in the fourth quarter of 1944 as practicable. The AKAs included 24 units of the C2-S-AJ3 type from the North Carolina Shipbuilding Co., Wilmington, N.C. (AKA 64-87). On 6 Jun 44 JCS requested that the MC modify its building program for the first half of 1945 to provide for the construction of 56 merchant type vessels as Naval auxiliaries. The MC on 22 Jun 44 agreed to supply 54 ships, including eight more AKAs from North Carolina (AKA 101-108).

The C2-S-AJ series of cargo ships was built exclusively at North Carolina. This yard was one of nine established at the beginning of 1941 to build the 260 merchant ships in the first wave of the U. S. emergency merchant shipbuilding program. The new yard was built and managed by the Newport News Shipbuilding Co., whose own facilities were filled with Navy work. The yard initially built Liberty ships, but in December 1942 it received its first contract for C2 freighters and it delivered its first C2 in December 1943, four months after its last Liberty. The yard's principal C2 merchant ship design, the C2-S-AJ1, differed from the standard C2 in that it was of the full scantling rather than the shelter deck type, with a greater maximum draft and higher gross and deadweight tonnages. The Navy first drew on the yard in mid-1943 for some ammunition ships (the AE-11 class), and the yard's expected large production stream made it a natural candidate to provide the ships needed for the large AKA and AGC programs of November 1943 and June-July 1944.

All of the C2-S-AJ3s, the AKA variant of the C2-S-AJ1, were built with military features (including quadruped masts) by the MC under its Military Program. They were produced simultaneously in two series. AKA 64-75 and 101-4 were acquired substantially complete and were ferried under their own power to the Charleston Navy Yard for conversion. AKA 76-87 and 105-108 were acquired incomplete (with main engines, auxiliary machinery and boilers on board but not connected up) and were towed to repair yards in New York and Baltimore for completion. (Originally these were to have been completed by North Carolina.) The ships of this class were laid down in the order indicated by their MC hull numbers, not their Navy AKA numbers (AKA-76 was the first laid down, and AKA-64 was the next hull laid down after AKA-78). Their landing craft allowance as fitted was 8 LCM's, 15 LCVP's, and 1 LCL launch. A distinctive recognition feature of this class was the slanted support for signal halyards, etc., stepped on the forward edge of the stack.

Three more North Carolina hulls, MC 2609-2611, were originally to be built as AKA 109-111, but the MC placed the order for these AKAs at Federal instead because it did not feel that North Carolina could produce the ships promptly enough to meet the Navy's schedule. The three North Carolina hulls were completed in late 1945 as standard C2-S-AJ1 type merchant ships.

Ship Notes:
AKA Name MC# Notes
64 TOLLAND 1385 Ferry comm. 13-15 Aug 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. EDGAR F. LUCKENBACH 1947. Scrapped 1971 as RELIANCE CORDIALITY.
65 SHOSHONE 1388 Ferry comm. 31 Aug-4 Sep 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. ALAMEDA 1947. Scrapped 1971 as U.S. MATE.
66 SOUTHAMPTON 1390 Ferry comm. 16-18 Sep 44 (manned by U.S. Navy Ferry Crew #1). Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. FLYING CLIPPER 1947. Scrapped 1971.
67 STARR 1392 Ferry comm. 29 Sep-1 Oct 44 (7-hour transit 30 Sep 44). Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. INDIAN BEAR 1947. Scrapped 1970 as INDIA BEAR.
68 STOKES 1394 Ferry comm. 12-14 Oct 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. SIERRA 1947. Scrapped 1971 as FANWOOD.
69 SUFFOLK 1396 Ferry comm. 23-25 Oct 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. SOUTHPORT 1947. Scrapped 1971 as ANTILLIAN STAR.
70 TATE 1398 Ferry comm. 3-5 Nov 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. JULIA LUCKENBACH 1947. Scrapped 1970 as BAY STATE.
71 TODD 1400 Ferry comm. 14-16 Nov 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. VENTURA 1947. Scrapped 1972 as CHATHAM.
72 CASWELL 1402 Ferry comm. 27-29 Nov 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. SOUTHWIND 1947. To NDRF 7 Jun 63 as AMERICAN SURVEYOR. Sold by MA 10 Aug 73, to buyer 28 Aug 73.
73 NEW HANOVER 1403 Ferry comm. 6-8 Dec 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. ALAWAI 1947. Scrapped 1970 as SAGAMORE HILL.
74 LENOIR 1404 Ferry comm. 14 Dec 44 (transit 15 Dec 44, probably decomm. 16 Dec). Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. MARGARET LYKES 1947. Scrapped 1971 as ANTILLIAN TIGER.
75 ALAMANCE 1405 Ferry comm. 22-24 Dec 44. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. SOUTHSTAR 1947. In NDRF 1962-63 as AMERICAN SUPPLIER. Scrapped 1971 as ANTILLIAN FOX.
76 TORRANCE 1382 Delivered 98.0% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 20 Jun 44 to ca. 24 Jun 44 (transit 21-24 Jun). Converted by Bethlehem Steel, Hoboken, N.J. Merc. ALCOA ROAMER 1947. Scrapped 1972 as SINGAPORE TRADER.
77 TOWNER 1383 Delivered 96.2% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 27 Jun-4 Jul 44 (transit 30 Jun-3 Jul). Converted by Todd Shipyards, Brooklyn, N.Y. Merc. PHILIPPINE BEAR 1947. Scuttled after collision 1967 as GUAM BEAR.
78 TREGO 1384 Delivered 96.2% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 4-8 Jul 44 (transit 5-7 Jul). Converted by Bethlehem 56th St., Brooklyn, N.Y. Merc. MASON LYKES 1947. Scrapped 1969 as FLOWER HILL.
79 TROUSDALE 1386 Delivered 96.1% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 24-29 Jul 44 (transit 24-27 Jul). Converted by Todd Shipyards, Hoboken, N.J. Merc. LAFAYETTE 1947. Scrapped 1969 as GREEN DALE.
80 TYRRELL 1387 Delivered 94.6% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 30 Jul 44 to ca. 8 Aug 44 (transit 5-8 Aug). Converted by Bethlehem Steel, Key Highway, Baltimore, Md. Merc. CALIFORNIA BEAR 1947. To MA 4 Aug 67 as OCEANIC CLOUD, sold by MA 13 Oct 67.
81 VALENCIA 1389 Delivered 91.2% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 14 Aug 44 to ca. 18 Aug 44 (transit 15-18 Aug). Converted by Bethlehem Steel, Key Highway, Baltimore, Md. Merc. GENEVIEVE LYKES 1947. Scrapped 1970 as GARDEN CITY.
82 VENANGO 1391 Delivered 95.2% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 25-30 Aug 44 (transit 26-29 Aug). Converted by Bethlehem Steel, Hoboken, N.J. Converted for commercial service 28 Nov 46 to 11 Nov 47 at the Bethlehem Key Highway yard. Merc. PONCE DE LEON 1947. Scrapped 1971 as ANNA.
83 VINTON 1393 Delivered 95.0% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 7 Sep 44 to ca. 11 Sep 44 (transit 8-11 Sep). Converted by Bethlehem Steel, Key Highway, Baltimore, Md. Merc. GULF SHIPPER 1947. Scrapped 1971 as COLUMBIA BEAVER.
84 WAUKESHA 1395 Delivered 94.9% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 20-25 Sep 44 (transit 20-24 Sep). Converted by Todd Shipyards, Brooklyn, N.Y. Merc. MARY LUCKENBACH 1947. Sank BENEVOLENCE (AH-13) in collision 1950. Scrapped 1970 as BAYOU STATE.
85 WHEATLAND 1397 Delivered 97.9% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 6-12 Oct 44 (transit 7-10 Oct). Converted by Atlantic Basin Iron Works, Brooklyn, N.Y. (originally scheduled for Bethlehem Steel, Brooklyn). Merc. BEATRICE 1947. Scrapped 1973 as GRAND LOYALTY.
86 WOODFORD 1399 Delivered 98.0% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 19-26 Oct 44 (transit 22-26 Oct). Converted by Todd Shipyards, Hoboken, N.J. Merc. SUZANNE 1947. Scrapped 1973 as RAPPAHANNOCK.
87 DUPLIN 1401 Delivered 97.9% complete. In service for ferrying under tow 30 Oct 44 to ca. 9 Nov 44 (transit 7-9 Nov) for conversion at the Bethlehem Steel Co. Key Highway yard, Baltimore, Md. In service again for ferrying under tow 15-18 Dec 44 (transit 16-17 Dec), converted by NYd Norfolk. Merc. KATHRYN 1947. To NDRF 28 Sep 67 as RIO GRANDE. Sold by MA 6 Jan 71, to buyer 20 Jan 71.
101 OTTAWA 1698 Accepted 9 Jan 45, ferry comm. to 10 Jan 45. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. ANDREA F. LUCKENBACH 1947. Wrecked 12 Mar 51 off Hawaii.
102 PRENTISS 1699 Accepted 12 Jan 45, ferry comm. to 14 Jan 45. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Merc. ALCOA RANGER 1947. Scrapped 1970 as JODY RE.
103 RANKIN 1702 Accepted 25 Jan 45, ferry comm. to 27 Jan 45. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). Commissioning also recorded as 25 Feb 45. Stk. 23 Jun 47, decomm. and to MC and NDRF 21 May 47. Contract of sale to Isbrandtsen Co., Inc., signed 18 Dec 47, out of NDRF 30 Dec 47, approval of this sale rescinded by MC 17 Aug 48 and ship returned to NDRF 26 Aug 48. Reinst. 17 Jul 51, from MC 24 Sep 51. To LKA-103 1 Jan 69. To NDRF 12 Aug 71, to Florida for use as a fish reef 23 Sep 87, delivered by MA 5 May 88.
104 SEMINOLE 1703 Accepted 6 Feb 45, ferry comm. to 8 Feb 45. Converted by NYd Charleston (S.C.). To LKA-104 1 Jan 69. To NDRF 20 May 71, to buyer 12 Dec 77.
105 SKAGIT 1696 Delivered 98.0% complete. Accepted 28 Nov 44, in service for ferrying under tow to ca. 20 Dec 44 (transit 1-20 Dec, adrift 5-7 Dec after breaking tow in storm). Converted by Bethlehem Steel, Hoboken, N.J. In USN reserve 1949-50. To LKA-105 1 Jan 69. To NDRF 19 May 70, to buyer 22 Apr 74.
106 UNION 1697 Delivered 98.0% complete. Accepted 4 Dec 44, in service for ferrying under tow to 22 Dec 44 (transit 17-22 Dec after weather delay). Converted by Bethlehem Steel, Hoboken, N.J. To LKA-106 1 Jan 69. To NDRF 18 Aug 70, to buyer 12 Dec 77.
107 VERMILION 1700 Delivered 98.0% complete. Accepted 23 Dec 44, in service for ferrying under tow to 8 Jan 45 (transit 4-8 Jan). Converted by Todd Shipyards, Brooklyn, N.Y. In USN reserve 1949-50. To LKA-107 1 Jan 69. To NDRF 27 Jul 71, delivered by MA for use as a fish reef 4 Mar 88.
108 WASHBURN 1701 Delivered 98.0% complete. Accepted 30 Dec 44, in service for ferrying under tow to 13 Jan 45 (transit 10-13 Jan). Converted by Todd Shipyards, Hoboken, N.J. To LKA-108 1 Jan 69. To NDRF 19 Aug 70, to buyer 20 Dec 79, scrapped by 18 Feb 80.

Page Notes:
AKA        1944
Compiled:        06-Feb-2007
© Stephen S. Roberts, 2002-2007